U N I V E R S I T Y O F  P I R A E U S

SCHOOL OF FINANCE &  STATISTICS

DEPARTMENT OF BANKING & FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

GOVERNMENTS, FINANCIAL MARKETS AND THE MACROECONOMY

 

Fall 2018Angelos A. AntzoulatosOffice hours: TBA

 

OBJECTIVE

This course analyzes the complex, and so often nowadays very subtle yet very powerful, interactions among policy-makers (governments and central banks), financial markets and the macroeconomy. It is essentially a course about the overall economic environment in which economic agents –governments, central banks, firms, financial institutions, investors, households– operate. It is about identifying the major forces at work in the global economy and financial markets; understanding their complex interactions; recognizing the dilem- mas they pose to national and international policy-makers; and identifying the risks and opportunities they create for all economic agents.

By necessity, the course covers many diverse topics, such as, business cycles and long-run growth, inflation, unemployment, balance of payments, exchange rates, international capital flows, stabilization policies, and  the interactions between financial markets and the “real” economy. Special emphasis is placed on interest rates and exchange rates, as well as on the role of asset prices in the conduct of economic policy. In addition, it draws extensively on economic history and the current international environment in order to tie its conceptu- al tools to the “real world”.

Essentially, the course aims at teaching how to anticipate macroeconomic developments in the fast-changing global economy, taking into account financial conditions. As such, it is also a good introduction to the emerg- ing field of macroprudential regulation and supervision. Specialized courses later in the program will teach how to design business and investment strategies to cope with the risks these developments entail and (pos- sibly) profit from the opportunities they create.

 

 

BOOKS & READINGS

 

 Κυβερνήσεις, Χρηματαγορές και Μακροοικονομία, Άγγελος Α. Αντζουλάτος, Εκδόσεις ΔΙΠΛΟΓΡΑΦΙΑ, Ο- κτώβριος 2011.

 

To put into perspective current economic trends and frictions, as well as the ongoing financial-market volatility, the following books are highly recommended (as leisure reading).

 

After the Music Stopped – The financial crisis, the response, and the work ahead, by Alan S. Blinder (2014), Penguin Books

 

End this Depression Now, by Paul Krugman (2012), Norton.

 

The Age of Diminished Expectations, by Paul Krugman, third edition (1997), The MIT Press.

 

Manias, Panics and Crashes – A History of Financial Crises, by Charles P. Kindleberger, revised edition (1989), Basic Books, Inc..

 

Globalizing Capital – A History of the International Monetary System, by Barry Eichengreen (1996), Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

 

 Σύντομος Οδηγός στον Ολισθηρότατο Δρόμο του Grexit, Άγγελος Α. Αντζουλάτος, Εκδόσεις ΔΙΠΛΟΓΡΑΦΙ- Α, Σεπτέμβριος 2017.

 

 

ORGANIZATION & GRADING

  1. Grading: Final Exam: 100%. Class participation will help in border-line
  2. Three asterisks (***) denote required readings, two (**) strongly suggested readings and one (*) suggested readings.

 

  1. Understanding the objectives and policy instruments of major players in the international economic arena is of paramount importance for forward-looking business people. It is highly recommended that the stu- dents visit the web pages of such players, like the IMF (International Monetary Fund) to learn about them. The addresses of some of them follow:
    • imf.org International Monetary Fund (IMF)
    • oecd.org Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD)
    • bis.org Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
    • federalreserve.gov Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
    • ecb.int European Central Bank (ECB).

 

  1. Valuable market intelligence and economic analyses can be found in the online publications of the above organizations, as well as in the following sites (the list, of course, is far from exhaustive)

 

 

 

COURSE OUTLINE

 

  1. INTRODUCTION (~½ week) Chapter 1**, Chapter 20*

 

  1. MONITORING ECONOMIC & FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENTS – PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES

 

  1. COURSE DESCRIPTION

 

 

  1. BASIC CONCEPTS (~2½ weeks)

 

  1. NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTING: MEASURING GNP/GDP Sections 2.1 – 2.2***
    • Policy Concerns: Measuring Wellbeing
    • Practical Issues:
      • Measurement Problems
      • Data Revisions
      • Seasonal Adjustment

 

  1. A CLOSER LOOK AT THE EXTERNAL ACCOUNTS OF A COUNTRY Sections 2.3 – 2.4***

 

  1. THE SAVING – INVESTMENT IDENTITY Section 5***
    • Policy Concerns:
      • Is a Current Account Deficit Necessarily Bad?

 

  1. PRICE INDICES & INFLATION Sections 3.1***, 3.2*, 3.3 – 5***
    • Practical Issues: Measurement Problems

 

  1. REAL INTEREST RATE Sections 4.1 – 4.2***, 4.3 – 4.4**
    • Policy Concerns:
      • Why Save in Hyper-Inflation Countries?
      • Financial Liberalization and Real Interest Rates
      • High Interest Rates During Stabilizations

 

  1. INFLATION, HYPERINFLATION, DEFLATION Sections 5.1***, 5.2 – 5.3**, 5.4 – 5***
    • Policy Concerns:
      • Japan’s Deflation
      • Eurozone’s ‘flirt’ with deflation in the aftermath of the financial and debt crisis

 

 

  1. BUSINESS CYCLES Sections 6.1 – 6.3***, 6.4 – 5**

 

 

  1. SHORT-RUN DYNAMICS – I: THE IS/LM MODEL (~2½ weeks)

 

  1. MICRO-FOUNDATIONS Chapter 7***

 

  1. EQUILIBRIUM IN THE REAL SECTOR (GOODS & SERVICES MARKET)    Chapter 8**

 

  1. IS/LM MODEL: EQUILIBRIUM & SCENARIO ANALYSIS Chapter 9***, Sections 10.1 – 10.2***

 

  1. MONETARY & FISCAL POLICY: A FIRST LOOK Sections 10.3 – 10.4***
    • Policy Concerns:
      • The Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanism
      • Monetary Policy: Too Little, Too Late?
      • Monetary Policy: When “Orthodox” Policies Fail…

 

  1. OTHER ANALYSES Section 5***

 

  1. BUDGET DEFICITS AND GOVERNMENT DEBT Section 6***

 

 

  1. MONETARY POLICY (~1½ weeks)

 

  1. INTRODUCTION TO BANKING Sections 11.3 – 5**

 

  1. MONEY SUPPLY & THE ROLE OF THE BANKING SYSTEM Sections 1 – 11.2***, 11.6***
    • Policy Concerns: Monetary Policy and Financial Stability

 

  1. MONETARY POLICY – TOOLS, INSTRUMENTS, CONSTRAINTS Sections 12.1 – 3***
    • Practical Issues: Monetary Policy Guideposts

 

  1. ASSET PRICES & MONETARY POLICY: ENDOGENOUS CREDIT CYCLES, BUBBLES, CRISES Section 4***

 

  1. CENTRAL BANK INDEPENDENCE

 

  1. THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK AND THE US FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM Visit Web pages**

 

 

  1. SHORT-RUN DYNAMICS – II: THE MUNDELL-FLEMING MODEL (~3 weeks)

 

  1. EXCHANGE RATES: NOMINAL VS. REAL; BILATERAL VS. EFFECTIVE Sections 13.1 – 13.3***

 

  1. INFLATION AND EXCHANGE RATES Section 4***

 

  1. EXCHANGE-RATE REGIMES – DESCRIPTION AND HISTORY Sections 5**
    • Policy Concerns: What Is The “Right” Exchange Rate Regime?

 

  1. INTEREST RATE PARITY – THE ROLE OF EXCHANGE-RATE EXPECTATIONS Sections 14.1 – 14.4***
    • Practical Issues:
      • Interest Rate Convergence in the EMU
      • Self-fulfilling Devaluation Expectations
      • Measuring the Credibility of Monetary (& Exchange Rate) Policy
      • Taking Calculated Risks in Emerging Markets

 

 

  1. MODELING THE CAPITAL FLOWS ACCOUNT Section 5***

 

  1. EQUILIBRIUM IN THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET Sections 15.1 – 15.3***

 

  1. THE MUNDELL-FLEMING MODEL Section 4***

 

  1. EXCHANGE-RATE REGIME AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MACROECONOMIC POLICY Section 5***

 

  1. EXTERNAL DISTURBANCES Section 6***

 

  1. THE MUNDELL-FLEMING MODEL – EXTENSIONS I Chapter 16**

 

  1. THE MUNDELL-FLEMING MODEL – EXTENSIONS II CHAPTER 17*

 

  1. UNDERSTANDING EXCHANGE RATE DYNAMICS SECTION 5*

 

  1. THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM CHAPTER 18*

 

 

  1. THE ECONOMY IN THE LONG-RUN: PRODUCTIVITY & GROWTH (~1½ weeks) Sections 19.1 – 3***

 

  1. LABOR MARKET: EQUILIBRIUM & COMPARATIVE STATICS
    • Measurement Problems: Accuracy & Reliability of Productivity Measures
    • Policy Concerns: What Drives Productivity?

 

  1. STRUCTURAL VS. CYCLICAL UNEMPLOYMENT

 

  1. LABOR-MARKET AND OTHER SUPPLY-SIDE REFORMS
    • Policy Concerns:
      • Long-Run Unemployment – Any Magic Cure?
      • What Drives Growth?

 

  1. LONG-RUN DYNAMICS – GOODS, MONEY, FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND LABOR MARKETS (~½ week)

Sections 19.4 – 19.5***

 

  1. ADJUSTMENT TO LONG-RUN EQUILIBRIUM: PRICES & EXCHANGE RATES

 

  1. INFLATION & UNEMPLOYMENT; THE PHILIPS CURVE

 

  1. MONETARY POLICY & LONG-RUN UNEMPLOYMENT

 

  1. STABILIZATION POLICY: PROSPECTS & PROBLEMS

 

 

  1. TOPICS IN INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS (~½ week)

 

  1. THE EMERGING ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT Chapter 20**