## Bayesian Econometrics with applications to Portfolio Choice

28-09-23 0 comment

## Bayesian Econometrics with applications to Portfolio Choice

ΧΡΗΜΠΕ

Teacher: Georgios Skoulakis
ECTS: 7.5
Course Type: Elective
Semester: Fall
Teaching Hours: 4

Prerequisites:

### Course Scope

The aim of the course is to introduce students to the Bayesian approach to inference and apply it in a Financial Economics context to tackle portfolio choice problems. Upon successful completion of the course, students should be able to:

• understand the differences between the classical (frequenist) and Bayesian approaches to inference.
• derive the posterior distributions and conduct statistical inference in analytically tractable models (e.g., models with conjugate priors).
• develop code for simulating from posterior distributions for more complex models (using, e.g., Gibbs sampling).
• use the Bayesian methodology to solve static portfolio choice problems with a single or multiple risky assets.

### Course Outline

The course offers an introduction to the Bayesian methodology employed in econometrics and statistics with increasing popularity in recent years. The Bayesian approach is applied in a Financial Economics context to tackle portfolio choice problems. We will cover the following topics.

1. Brief review of Probability Theory basics and Bayes’ rule.
2. Discussion of the contrast between the classical (frequentist) and Bayesian approaches to statistical inference and how the prior distribution combines with the likelihood to generate the posterior distribution.
3. Bayesian inference for several standard statistical distributions, such as Binomial, Normal, Poisson, and Negative-Binomial.
4. Conjugate families of prior distributions.
5. Along the way, we will address the choice of prior, with emphasis on Jeffreys’ prior, and discuss different modes of inference, that is, point estimation, interval estimation, and hypothesis testing.
6. Within the Gaussian framework, we will cover univariate linear regression models (with an application to beta estimation through shrinkage), univariate autoregressive models, multivariate linear regression models, and Vector AutoRegression models.
7. As we proceed, the course will also cover Monte Carlo simulation techniques that are used in posterior calculations, such as Acceptance-Rejection method and Gibbs sampling.
8. Applications of the Bayesian approach to portfolio choice problems. Within the Gaussian framework, we will cover the static portfolio choice problem with (a) a single risky asset and IID returns, (b) multiple risky assets and IID normal returns, (c) a single risky asset and predictable returns. Further, we will cover the Black-Litterman model from the Bayesian perspective.
9. Time permitting, we will discuss the dynamic portfolio choice problem with a single risky asset with Νormal IID returns and unknown mean and variance.